Advanced audio Chinese lesson 1. Radiation, radioactive elements and the scientist. Learn Mandarin, how to say “Madame Curie was the first woman ever to win a Nobel Prize.” Take a quiz at the end. Coldplay, Avril Lavigne the Scientist with lyrics


Reading different subjects will broaden your Chinese vocabulary horizon. Let’s learn about the great scientist – Maria Curie.

Marie Curie and her husband, Pierre Curie, were the pioneers in researching and discovering radioactivity. When Professor Curie died suddenly, she refused the offer of a government pension and instead took his place as a professor at the University of Paris. She is the first person to win a second Nobel Prize, and she is the only Nobel Prize winner who is also the mother of another Nobel Prize winner — Irène Joliot-Curie.

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Learn Mandarin Chinese, how to say “Madame Curie was the first woman ever to win a Nobel Prize.” Jūlǐ fūrén shì dìyīwèi huòdé nuòbèiěr jiǎng de nǚrén. 居里夫人是第一位获得诺贝尔奖的女人。Jūlǐ (居里 Last name of Marie Curie) fūrén (夫人 noun, madame) shì (是 verb, is) dì (第 prefix indicating ordinal number) yī (一 number, one) wèi (位 measure word for person) huòdé (获得 compound verb phrase, get or got) nuòbèiěr (诺贝尔 proper noun, Nobel) jiǎng (奖 noun, award) de (的particle to connect the attributive and the noun it modifies) nǚrén (女人 noun, woman).

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玛丽雅·居里简介
居里夫人於1867年11月7日出生于华沙。她是世界著名科学家。居里夫人研究放射性物质,发现镭和钋两种天然放射性元素,她被人称为“镭的母亲”和“放射性元素的母亲”,一生两度获诺贝尔奖(第一次获得诺贝尔物理学奖,第二次获得诺贝尔化学奖)。在研究镭的过程中,她和她的丈夫用了3年零9个月才从成吨的矿渣中提炼出0.1克的镭。但在其中年时期,丈夫不幸丧生在马车的车轮底下。作为杰出科学家居里夫人有一般科学家所没有的社会影响。尤其因为是成功女性的先驱,所以她的典范激励了很多人。1934年她因白血病逝世。直到她死后39年,在她用过的笔记本里还有镭射线在不断释放。

玛丽雅·居里简介
Mălìyă.jūlĭ jiănjiè

居里夫人於1867年11月7日出生于华沙。
jūlĭ fūrén yú yībāliùqí nián shíyī yuè qī rì chūshēng yú Huáshā.

她是世界著名科学家。
tā shì shìjiè zhùmíng kēxuéjiā.

居里夫人研究放射性物质,
jūlĭ fūrén yánjiū fàngshèxìng wùzhì.

发现镭和钋两种天然放射性元素,
fāxiàn léi hé pō liăngzhŏng tiānrán fàngshèxìng yuánsù.

她被人称为“镭的母亲”和“放射性元素的母亲”,
tā bèi rén chēngwéi léi de mŭqīn hé fàngshèxìng yuánsù de mŭqīn.

一生两度获诺贝尔奖
yīshēng liăngdù huò Nuòbèiĕr jiăng.

(第一次获得诺贝尔物理学奖,第二次获得诺贝尔化学奖)。
dìyīcì huòdé Nuòbèiĕr wùlĭxué jiăng dìèrcì huòdé Nuòbèiĕr huàxué jiăng.

在研究镭的过程中,
zài yánjiū léi de guòchéng zhōng.

她和她的丈夫用了3年零9个月才从成吨的矿渣中提炼出0.1克的镭。
tā hé tā de zhàngfu yòng le sān nián líng liǔ gè yuè cái cōng chéng dūn de kuàngzhā zhōng tíliàn chū líndiǎnyí kè de léi.

但在其中年时期,丈夫不幸丧生在马车的车轮底下。
dàn zài qí zhōngnián shíqī zhàngfu bùxìng sàngshēng zài măchē de chēlún dĭxia.

作为杰出科学家居里夫人有一般科学家所没有的社会影响。
zuòwéi jiéchū kēxuéjiā jūlĭ fūrén yŏu yībān kēxuéjiā suŏ méiyŏu de shèhuì yĭngxiăng.

尤其因为是成功女性的先驱,所以她的典范激励了很多人。
yóuqí yīnwèi shì chénggōng nǚxìng de xiānqū, suŏyĭ tāde diănfàn jīlì le hĕnduō rén.

1934年她因白血病逝世。
yīliǔsānsì nián tā yīn bāixiěbìng shìshì,

直到她死后39年
zhídào tā sǐhòu sānshíjiǔ nián,

在她用过的笔记本里还有镭射线在不断释放。
zài tā yòngguò de bĭjìbĕn lĭ háiyŏu léishèxiàn zài bùduàn shìfàng.

玛丽雅 (Maria)·居里 (Curie) 简 (briefly) 介 (introduction)

  居里 (Curie) 夫人 (madame) 於 (in) 1867年 (year) 11月 (month) 7日 (day) 出生 (was born)于 (in) 华沙 (Warsaw)。她 (she) 是 (is) 世界 (world) 著名 (famous) 科学家 (scientist)。居里 (Curie) 夫人 (madame) 研究 (studied) 放射 (radioactive) 性 (attributive) 物质 (matter),发现 (discovered) 镭 (radium) 和 (and) 钋 (polonium)两 (two) 种 (kind) 天然 (natural) 放射 (radioactive) 性 (attributive) 元素 (elements),她 (she) 被 (passive marker– was verb-ed) 人 (person or people) 称为 (called) “镭 (radium) 的 (particle to connect attributive and the noun it modifies) 母亲 (mother) ”和 (and) “放射性 (radioactive) 元素 (element) 的 (particle) 母亲 ( mother) ”,一 (one) 生 (life) 两 (two) 度 (times) 获 (won) 诺贝尔(Nobel) 奖 (prize)(第(the) 一 (first) 次 (time) 获得 (won) 诺贝尔 (Nobel) 物理学 (physics) 奖 (prize),第 (the) 二 (second) 次 (time) 获得 (won) 诺贝尔 (Nobel) 化学(chemistry) 奖 (award) )。在 (during) 研究 (studying) 镭 (radium) 的 (particle to modify the noun) 过程 (process) 中 (within),她 (she) 和 (and) 她的 (her) 丈夫 (husband) 用 (used) 了 (particle shows action completed) 3年 (years) 零 (zero) 9个 (measure word) 月 (months) 才 (finally) 从 (from) 成吨 (tons) 的 (particle to modify the noun) 矿渣 (slag) 中 (within, or inside) 提炼 (extract) 出 (out) 0.1克 (gram) 的 (particle) 镭 (radium) 。但 (but) 在 (during) 其 (her) 中 (middle) 年 (age) 时期 (period, phase),丈夫 (husband) 不 (not) 幸 (lucky) 丧生 (died) 在 (at)马车 (horse drawn carriage) 的 (particle) 车 (car) 轮 (wheel) 底下 (under)。作为 (as) 杰出 (outstanding) 科学家 (scientist) 居里 (Curie) 夫人 (madame) 有 (had) 一般 (general) 科学家 (scientist) 所 (particle introducing a relative clause ) 没有 (did not have) 的 (particle) 社会 (social) 影响 (influence)。尤其(especially) 因为(because) 是 (was) 成功 (successful) 女性 (women) 的 (particle) 先驱 (pioneer),所以 (so, therefore) 她的 (her) 典范 (model, example) 激励 (inspired) 了 (passive tense marker) 很 (really) 多 (many) 人 (people) 。1934年 (year) 她 (she) 因 (because) 白血病 (leukemia) 逝世 (passed away) 。直到 (till) 她 (she) 死 (died) 后 (later, after) 39年 (yeas),在 (on) 她 (she) 用 (used) 过 (past tense marker) 的 (particle) 笔记本 (notebook) 里 (within) 还 (still) 有 (has) 镭射 (radiative) 线 (beams) 在 (continuous action marker) 不 (non) 断 (stop) 释放 (release)。

Brief introduction of Maria Curie
Marie Curie was born in Warsaw on November 7, 1867. She was a world famous scientist. Madame Curie studied radioactive material, discovered radium and polonium two kinds of natural radioactive elements. She was known as “the mother of radium” and “the mother of radioactive elements.” In her life, she twice won the Nobel Prize (first she was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics, and the second was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry). During the process of studying radium, she and her husband spent three years and nine months to extract 0.1 gram of radium from tons of slag. However, in her middle age period, her husband was killed under the wheels of the carriage. As an outstanding scientist, madame Curie had social impact which most general scientists didn’t have. Especially as a pioneer of successful women, and her example inspired a lot of people. She died of leukemia in 1934. Thirty nine years after her death, the notebook she used was still continuously releasing radiation…

After you finish reading today’s advanced lesson, you are welcome to take the little test: (the answer is at the end of today’s post)

1. 居里夫人发现了那两种天然放射性元素?
2 为什么居里夫人有一般科学家所没有的社会影响?
3 居里夫人一生几度获得诺贝尔奖?

Thank you for the diligent studying, and now you can listen to this beautiful song as a little entertainment:)

Coldplay-The Scientist (Acoustic)

Coldplay – The Scientist lyrics

Avril Lavigne sings ‘The Scientist’ by Coldplay

Answer for the quiz
1 镭和钋.
2.因为她是成功女性的先驱,所以她的典范激励了很多人。
3.两次。

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